Both apples and oranges grow on trees. Both fruits follow the same basic anatomy, with an exocarp layer (peel or skin), a mesocarp layer (the pith), and an endocarp layer surrounding the seeds. The pith of an apple is crunchy and consistent in texture, while an orange pith is made up of juicy cells divided by a thin membrane. Oranges, like all citruses, are acidic while apples are not.
It is amusing to note that in many countries, oranges are known as a "Chinese apple", though in the united states that phrase refers to pomegranates.
Both apples and oranges are low in saturated fat and contain no cholesterol or sodium. They are both high in fiber, though oranges are slightly higher. They are both high in sugar, and contain many essential vitamins and minerals, but oranges contain high levels of thiamine and vitamin C.
orange (peeled) 2 3/8 diameter
- 3.4 oz
- 45 calories
- 11.3 carbohydrates
- 2.3g fiber
- 9.0g sugars
apple (no skin, no core) 2 3/4 diameter
- 4.5 oz
- 61 calories
- 16.4 g carbohydrates
- 1.7g fiber
- 12.9g sugars
Both apples and oranges are commonly enjoyed as a raw snack. Apples seeds are housed in a core structure which is typically discarded while orange seeds are embedded in the edible sections of orange. Apples are most often eaten with the skin and the orange peel is most often discarded, but it varies by taste and preparation. Apples may be eaten whole or cut into slices, while oranges are typically peeled then seperated into segments.
Apples and oranges are both popular for making juice and spreads--apples in jellies and oranges in marmalade. Additionally apples are used to make a wide variety of drinks and foods such as ciders, vinegars, and deserts. Oranges are used as a flavor and scenting ingredient in teas, perfumes, and body products.
On safeway.com, prices for individual oranges range from $0.50 to $0.70, and a three pound bag can be purchased at $1.99. Apples come in higher at $0.60 to $1.40, with the three pound bag coming in at $3.49.
If refrigerated, apples will last about 1-2 months, while oranges will go bad after 2-3 weeks.
Oranges and apples are both very popular commodities in world trade. In 2008, oranges sold 64 million tonnes worldwide, and apples 68.5 million. Orange production comes primarily out of Brazil and Florida which combined make up roughly 85% of the market. Apple production is dominated by China, which makes up about 2/3rds of the worldwide market.
Based on economic and nutritional concerns, oranges are a better value. However, this may be offset by the fact that apples bigger on average than oranges, more versatile for cooking and will keep longer. Depending on the specific situation, other factors may need to be considered such as convenience, taste, and specific needs.
However, if you are seeking a simplest basis for comparison that can be achieved. A red delicious apple weighing approximately 0.5lbs can be purchased for $1.10 each from safeway.com. A medium orange navel orange, also weighting roughly 0.5lbs can be purchased for $0.50 at the same store. Therefore five red delicious apples could be considered equivalent in value to eleven medium navel oranges.